In today’s world, everything is done by using the internet, and with that, there is also an increase in the malpractices done by miscreants to harass people. Sometimes malpractices are done unintentionally, but most of the time, it is done intentionally. And to prevent all this, there are measures taken to stop it by creating cyber security systems. Cybersecurity is also commonly addressed as IT security or even computer security. This system’s primary motive is to protect the computer or operating systems from thefts or damage of any kind to the software, hardware, electronic data, or even misdirection or disruption of the various services they usually provide.
Elements Related to Cyber Security
There are several types of threats concerning cybersecurity that keep on evolving with the technology change. Some of them are malware, ransomware, phishing, social engineering, etc.
There are various elements to coordinate the effort it takes to ensure cybersecurity throughout the information system. These elements are –
- Information Security
- Application Security
- Disaster Recovery (or Business Continuity Planning)
- Network Security
- End-User Education
- Operational Security
Information security is also called infosec. It is a group of plans to manage the policies, plans, and processes important to detect, prevent, document, and then counter the non-digital information and digital information threats.
Application security is the use of hardware, software, and procedural ways to ensure the protection of apps from threats coming from the outside. This is an important aspect of cyber security systems as applications are becoming more attainable over the networks. This makes the applications vulnerable to numerous threats.
Disaster Recovery can also be referred to as BCP (short for Business Continuity Planning). It is a file that contains the important information that, during any unplanned event, an organization might need to continue working.
We normally hear about the problems of the computer system being hacked or the sites are being hacked. Newspapers nowadays are full of news about cybercrime. This crime is gradually increasing at a rising pace due to the advancement in technologies. To avoid this problem, a protection program has been launched, known as cybersecurity. This program has been launched to protect the computers from any kind of crime done through the internet.
Cyber security protects the interconnected systems connected by the internet, including the hardware and software. This program also saves the data of the computer from any cyber-attacks. They try to protect the computer from any unauthorized access to data centers and other computerized systems.
Types of Threats
- Malware is the type of virus, worms, spyware, and Trojan horses that harm the computer’s hardware prevent it from working smoothly.
- Ransomware consists of an attacker whose main object is to lock the files in the system by encryption and ask for a payment required to decrypt and unlock the hacked things.
- Phishing is the hacking system by sending a fraudulent email to misguide the person that resembles the known resources. The email object is to steal sensitive data from computers, such as information regarding credit cards.
Cyber security can prevent any data breaches, cyber-attacks, and any fear regarding the theft of identity. When an organization is well developed with good network security and effective response to information from unknown sources, it is better to prevent these attacks and mitigate the problems.
Operational security is generally also known in its acronym form OPSEC. It is a systematic process whose main purpose is to classify the information related to critical data and determine the power needed to protect critical data.